Autors: Gechev, T. M., Punov, P. B.
Title: Hydrogen production, storage and delivery in regards to automotive applications-A brief review
Keywords: hydrogen, automotive, production, energy, storage

Abstract: The paper focuses on hydrogen production, storage and transportation as it is an important resource to be used in the energy and mobility sectors due to the worldwide increase in the demand for clean energy and the recently applied policies regarding carbon-neutrality. The basics of the most popular technologies and the conditions for storage and transportation of hydrogen, with their differences, advantages and disadvantages are discussed. The most suitable technology in regards to hydrogen utilization in automotive applications is emphasized. Examples of contemporary hydrogen-driven commercial fuel cell vehicles are also discussed.

References

  1. IEA, World Energy Statistics & World Energy Balances (2020) Available from: https://www.iea.org/reports/world-energy-balances-overview.
  2. Max Roser, Hannah Ritchie and Esteban Ortiz-Ospina, World Population Growth (2013) Available from: https://ourworldindata.org/world-population-growth.
  3. A. Ahmed, A.Q. Al-Amin, A.F. Ambrose, and R. Saidur, Hydrogen fuel and transport system: A sustainable and environmental future, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41, 1369 (2016).
  4. G. Cipriani, V. Di Dio, F. Genduso, D. La Cascia, R. Liga, R. Miceli, and G. Ricco Galluzzo, Perspective on hydrogen energy carrier and its automotive applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 39, 8482 (2014)
  5. Z. Dimitrova, Optimization of Energy Integrated Systems for Vehicles Applications, Habilitation Thesis (2020) Available from: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03140405
  6. R. Hristov and S. Stefanov, Study of the potential for reducing CO2 emissions from road transport in Bulgaria, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 614, (2019)
  7. P.P. Edwards, V.L. Kuznetsov, W.I.F. David, and N.P. Brandon, Hydrogen and fuel cells: Towards a sustainable energy future, Energy Policy 36, 4356 (2008)
  8. S. Apak, E. Atay, and G. Tuncer, Renewable hydrogen energy and energy efficiency in Turkey in the 21st century, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 42, 2446 (2017)
  9. F. Gutiérrez-Martín, A. Ochoa-Mendoza, and L.M. Rodríguez-Antón, Pre-investigation of water electrolysis for flexible energy storage at large scales: The case of the Spanish power system, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 40, 5544 (2015)
  10. L.B. Weger, J. Leitão, and M.G. Lawrence, Expected impacts on greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions due to a possible transition towards a hydrogen economy in German road transport, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 46, 5875 (2021)
  11. E.M. Do Sacramento, P.C.M. Carvalho, L.C. de Lima, and T.N. Veziroglu, Feasibility study for the transition towards a hydrogen economy: A case study in Brazil, Energy Policy 62, 3 (2013)
  12. X. Ren, L. Dong, D. Xu, and B. Hu, Challenges towards hydrogen economy in China, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 45, 34326 (2020)
  13. I.P. Jain, Hydrogen the fuel for 21st century, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34, 7368 (2009)
  14. J.O. Abe, A.P.I. Popoola, E. Ajenifuja, and O.M. Popoola, Hydrogen energy, economy and storage: Review and recommendation, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 44, 15072 (2019)
  15. T. Sinigaglia, F. Lewiski, M.E. Santos Martins, and J.C. Mairesse Siluk, Production, storage, fuel stations of hydrogen and its utilization in automotive applications-a review, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 42, 24597 (2017)
  16. S. Sharma and S.K. Ghoshal, Hydrogen the future transportation fuel: From production to applications, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 43, 1151 (2015)
  17. S. Singh et al., Hydrogen: A sustainable fuel for future of the transport sector, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51, 623 (2015)
  18. Димитров, Е. Ц., Гигов, Б. И., Панчев, С. Е., Михайлов, Ф. И., Пейчев, М. Х., 2018,BulTrans-2018, MATEC Web of Conferences, Аrticle № 03001: A study of hydrogen fuel impact on compression ignition engine performance, Созопол - ТУ-София, България, стр. стр.
  19. Q. he Luo et al. Experimental investigation of combustion characteristics and NOx emission of a turbocharged hydrogen internal combustion engine, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 44, 5573 (2019)
  20. S. Iliev, A Study of the influence of HHO Gas on the Performance and Emissions of a Diesel Engine, 2020 7th International Conference on Energy Efficiency and Agricultural Engineering, EE and AE 2020 - Proceedings 10 (2020)
  21. Y. Wang et al., Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and hydrogen station networks for automobiles: Status, technology, and perspectives, Advances in Applied Energy 2, 100011 (2021)
  22. H. Fathabadi, Combining a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack with a Li-ion battery to supply the power needs of a hybrid electric vehicle, Renewable Energy 130, 714 (2019)
  23. Z. Wu et al., Performance analysis of a novel SOFC-HCCI engine hybrid system coupled with metal hydride reactor for H2 addition by waste heat recovery, Energy Conversion and Management 191, 119 (2019)
  24. IEA, Energy Technology Perspectives (2020), Available from: https://doi.org/10.1787/ab43a9a5-en
  25. O. V. Marchenko and S. V. Solomin, The future energy: Hydrogen versus electricity, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 40, 3801 (2015)
  26. A. Mayyas, M. Wei, and G. Levis, Hydrogen as a long-term, large-scale energy storage solution when coupled with renewable energy sources or grids with dynamic electricity pricing schemes, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 45, 16311 (2020)
  27. A.M. Abdalla et al., Hydrogen production, storage, transportation and key challenges with applications: A review, Energy Conversion and Management 165, 602 (2018)
  28. I. Dincer and C. Acar, Review and evaluation of hydrogen production methods for better sustainability, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 40, 11094 (2014)
  29. T. da Silva Veras, T.S. Mozer, D. da Costa Rubim Messeder dos Santos, and A. da Silva César, Hydrogen: Trends, production and characterization of the main process worldwide, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 42, 2018 (2017)
  30. IEA, Technology Roadmap: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells (2015) Available from: https://www.iea.org/reports/technology-roadmap-hydrogen-and-fuel-cells
  31. S.D. Angeli, L. Turchetti, G. Monteleone, and A.A. Lemonidou, Catalyst development for steam reforming of methane and model biogas at low temperature, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 181, 34 (2016)
  32. R. Kothari, D. Buddhi, and R.L. Sawhney, Comparison of environmental and economic aspects of various hydrogen production methods, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 12, 553 (2008)
  33. J.D. Holladay, J. Hu, D.L. King, and Y. Wang, An overview of hydrogen production technologies, Catalysis Today 139, 244 (2009)
  34. M. El-Shafie, S. Kambara, and Y. Hayakawa, Hydrogen Production Technologies Overview, Journal of Power and Energy Engineering 07, 107 (2019)
  35. M. Krumpelt, T.R. Krause, J.D. Carter, J.P. Kopasz, and S. Ahmed, Fuel processing for fuel cell systems in transportation and portable power applications, Catalysis Today 77, 3 (2002)
  36. P. Cui et al., Life cycle water footprint comparison of biomass-to-hydrogen and coal-to-hydrogen processes, Science of the Total Environment 773, 145056 (2021)
  37. BP, Statistical Review of World Energy – Coal, (2020), Available from: https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy/coal.html
  38. T. Lepage, M. Kammoun, Q. Schmetz, and A. Richel, Biomass-to-hydrogen: A review of main routes production, processes evaluation and techno-economical assessment, Biomass and Bioenergy 144, 105920 (2021)
  39. S. Shiva Kumar and V. Himabindu, Hydrogen production by PEM water electrolysis – A review, Materials Science for Energy Technologies 2, 442 (2019)
  40. M. Ehsani, Y. Gao, S. Longo, and K. Ebrahimi, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles, Third edit (CRC Press, 2018)
  41. J.W. Sheffield, K.B. Martin, and R. Folkson, in Altern. Fuels Adv. Veh. Technol. Improv. Environ. Perform., edited by R. Folkson (Woodhead Publishing, 2014), pp. 117–137
  42. S.Z. Baykara, Experimental solar water thermolysis, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 29, 1459 (2004)
  43. S. Abanades, P. Charvin, G. Flamant, and P. Neveu, Screening of water-splitting thermochemical cycles potentially attractive for hydrogen production by concentrated solar energy, Energy 31, 2805 (2006)
  44. F. Zhang, P. Zhao, M. Niu, and J. Maddy, The survey of key technologies in hydrogen energy storage, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41, 14535 (2016)
  45. D.B. John Turner, George Sverdrup, Margaret K. Mann, Pin-ching Maness, Ben Kroposki, Maria Ghirardi, Robert J. Evans, Renewable hydrogen production, International Journal of Energy Research 32, 379 (2008)
  46. Y. Xu, J. Li, Q. Tan, A.L. Peters, and C. Yang, Global status of recycling waste solar panels: A review, Waste Management 75, 450 (2018)
  47. J.P. Jensen and K. Skelton, Wind turbine blade recycling: Experiences, challenges and possibilities in a circular economy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 97, 165 (2018)
  48. R. Hastik et al., Renewable energies and ecosystem service impacts, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 48, 608 (2015)
  49. P.C. Hallenbeck and D. Ghosh, Advances in fermentative biohydrogen production: the way forward?, Trends in Biotechnology 27, 287 (2009)
  50. S. Manish and R. Banerjee, Comparison of biohydrogen production processes, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33, 279 (2008)
  51. K.Y. Show, D.J. Lee, J.H. Tay, C.Y. Lin, and J.S. Chang, Biohydrogen production: Current perspectives and the way forward, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37, 15616 (2012)
  52. U.S.D. of Energy, Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program: Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan (2003) Available from: https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy05osti/34289.pdf
  53. A. Melis, Green alga hydrogen production: Progress, challenges and prospects, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 27, 1217 (2002)
  54. I. Ntaikou, G. Antonopoulou, and G. Lyberatos, Biohydrogen production from biomass and wastes via dark fermentation: A review, Waste and Biomass Valorization 1, 21 (2010)
  55. R. Moradi and K.M. Groth, Hydrogen storage and delivery: Review of the state of the art technologies and risk and reliability analysis, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 44, 12254 (2019)
  56. Toyota, Toyota Mirai Brochure (2020) Available from: https://www.toyota.com/upcoming-vehicles/mirai
  57. Hyundai, Hyundai Nexo Brochure (2018) Available from: https://www.hyundai.com/content/dam/hyundai/ww/en/images/footer/downloads/eco/e-brochure/nexo-fe-lhd-ebrochure-2019.pdf
  58. Honda, Honda Clarity FC Press Kit (2017) Available from: https://hondanews.eu/eu/en/cars/media/pressreleases/106336/2017-honda-clarity-fuel-cell-press-kit
  59. T.Q. Hua et al., Technical assessment of compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 36, 3037 (2011)
  60. J. Andersson and S. Grönkvist, Large-scale storage of hydrogen, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 44, 11901 (2019)
  61. M.T.I. Khan, M. Monde, and T. Setoguchi, Hydrogen gas filling into an actual tank at high pressure and optimization of its thermal characteristics, Journal of Thermal Science 18, 235 (2009)
  62. D.J. Durbin and C. Malardier-Jugroot, Review of hydrogen storage techniques for on board vehicle applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 38, 14595 (2013)
  63. S.W. Jorgensen, Hydrogen storage tanks for vehicles: Recent progress and current status, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science 15, 39 (2011)
  64. R.K. Ahluwalia, T.Q. Hua, J.K. Peng, S. Lasher, K. McKenney, J. Sinha, and M. Gardiner, Technical assessment of cryo-compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35, 4171 (2010)
  65. S.M. Aceves, F. Espinosa-Loza, E. Ledesma-Orozco, T.O. Ross, A.H. Weisberg, T.C. Brunner, and O. Kircher, High-density automotive hydrogen storage with cryogenic capable pressure vessels, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35, 1219 (2010)
  66. R. Bhattacharyya and S. Mohan, Solid state storage of hydrogen and its isotopes: An engineering overview, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 41, 872 (2015)
  67. I.P. Jain, C. Lal, and A. Jain, Hydrogen storage in Mg: A most promising material, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35, 5133 (2010)
  68. A. Züttel, Materials for hydrogen storage, Materials Today 6, 24 (2003)
  69. M. Aziz, T. Oda, and T. Kashiwagi, Comparison of liquid hydrogen, methylcyclohexane and ammonia on energy efficiency and economy, Energy Procedia 158, 4086 (2019)
  70. R. Lan, J.T.S. Irvine, and S. Tao, Ammonia and related chemicals as potential indirect hydrogen storage materials, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37, 1482 (2012)
  71. E. Rivard, M. Trudeau, and K. Zaghib, Hydrogen storage for mobility: A review, Materials 12, (2019)
  72. R. Singh, M. Singh, and S. Gautam, Hydrogen economy, energy, and liquid organic carriers for its mobility, Materials Today: Proceedings (2020)
  73. Z. Jiang, Q. Pan, J. Xu, and T. Fang, Current situation and prospect of hydrogen storage technology with new organic liquid, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 39, 17442 (2014)
  74. K. Gandhi, D.K. Dixit, and B.K. Dixit, Hydrogen desorption energies of Aluminum hydride (AlnH3n) clusters, Physica B: Condensed Matter 405, 3075 (2010)
  75. T.S. Blankenship, N. Balahmar, and R. Mokaya, Oxygen-rich microporous carbons with exceptional hydrogen storage capacity, Nature Communications 8, (2017)
  76. M. Qadrdan, Y. Saboohi, and J. Shayegan, A model for investigation of optimal hydrogen pathway, and evaluation of environmental impacts of hydrogen supply system, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33, 7314 (2008)
  77. I.A. Gondal and M.H. Sahir, Prospects of natural gas pipeline infrastructure in hydrogen transportation, International Journal of Energy Research 36, 1338 (2012)
  78. A. Elgowainy, K. Reddi, E. Sutherland, and F. Joseck, Tube-trailer consolidation strategy for reducing hydrogen refueling station costs, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 39, 20197 (2014)
  79. J. André, S. Auray, D. De Wolf, M.M. Memmah, and A. Simonnet, Time development of new hydrogen transmission pipeline networks for France, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 39, 10323 (2014)
  80. S.C. Singhal and K. Kendall, Introduction to SOFCs (2003)
  81. M. Andersson and J. Froitzheim, Technology Review – Solid Oxide Cells (2019) Available from: https://energiforsk.se/media/26740/technology-review-solid-oxide-cells-2019-energiforskrapport-2019-601.pdf
  82. Nissan, Nissan Unveils World’s First Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Vehicle (2016) Available from: https://global.nissannews.com/en/releases/nissan-unveils-worlds-first-solid-oxide-fuel-cell-vehicle?source=nng&lang=en-US
  83. J. Rechberger, A. Kaupert, J. Hagerskans, and L. Blum, Demonstration of the First European SOFC APU on a Heavy Duty Truck, Transportation Research Procedia 14, 3676 (2016)

Issue

AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2439, issue 20004, pp. Code 172531, 2021, United States, AIP, DOI 10.1063/5.0069978

Copyright American Institute of Physics Inc.

Вид: публикация в национален форум с межд. уч., публикация в издание с импакт фактор, публикация в реферирано издание, индексирана в Scopus