Autors: Ganev, B. T., Marinov, M. B., Nikolov, D. N., Ivanov A.K.
Title: High-resolution Particulate Matter Monitoring and Mapping in Urban Environments
Keywords: heatmaps; mobile monitoring; particulate matter

Abstract: Air pollution in an urban environment has a significant effect on human wellbeing. The location and time intervals of peak concentrations of major urban air pollutants are instrumental in contamination mitigation. Particulate matter is a major polluter in many large urbanized regions, such as the city of Sofia. The paper proposes an approach for mobile monitoring, determining the spatio-temporal distribution of three standard types of PMs and documenting the reached concentrations with the help of dynamically updated heat maps. This facilitates the determination of the places and times at which the concentrations of pollutants are the highest, which necessitates the detailed study of the sources of pollution.


  1. [1] O. K. Kurt, J. Zhang and K. E. Pinkerton, "Pulmonary health effects of air pollution," Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 138–143, 2016. [2] H. Strosnider, C. Kennedy, M. Monti and F. Yip, "Rural and urban differences in air quality, 2008-2012, and community drinking water quality, 2010-2015 - United States," MMWR SurveillanceSummaries 66, 2017. [3] UN DESA, "World population projected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050," United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2019. [4] K. Shakya, P. Kremer, K. Henderson, McMahon, P. R. M., S. Bromberg and J. Stewart, "Mobile monitoring of air and noise pollution in Philadelphia neighborhoods during summer 2017," Environ. Pollut., vol. 255, p. 113195–113195, 2019. [5] US EPA, "Report on the Environment (ROE), Collections and Lists," 2015. [6] F. Dominici, R. D. Peng, M. L. Bell, L. Pham, A. McDermott, S. L. Zeger and J. M. Samet, "Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases," JAMA, vol. 295, no. 10, p. 1127–1134, 2006. [7] K. Shakya, M. Rupakheti, K. Aryal and R. Peltier, "Respiratory Effects of High Levels of Particulate Exposure in a Cohort of Traffic Police in Kathmandu, Nepal," Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 58, p. e218–e225, 2016. [8] J.D., Stewart; P., Kremer; K.M., Shakya; M., Conway; Alexander, S., "Outdoor Atmospheric Microbial Diversity Is Associated With Urban Landscape Structure and Differs From Indoor-Transit Systems as Revealed by Mobile Monitoring and Three-Dimensional Spatial Analysis," Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 9, 2021. [9] Y. Zhang and F. Cao, "Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in China at a city level," Sci. Rep., vol. 5, no. 14884 , 2015. [10] A. Zhang, Q. Qi, L. Jiang, F. Zhou and J. Wang, "Population Exposure to PM2.5 in the Urban Area of Beijing," PLOS ONE, vol. 8, no. e63486, 2013. [11] K. V. Abhijith and S. Gokhale, "Passive control potentials of trees and on-street parked cars inreduction of air pollution exposure in urban street canyons," Environmental Pollution, vol. 204, p. 99–108, 2015. [12] W. de Souza, L. Buss and D. Candido, "Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the COVID-19 epidemic in Brazil," Nat Hum Behav, vol. 4, p. 856–865, 2020. [13] Marin B. Marinov, Ivan Topalov, Borislav Ganev, Elitsa Gieva, Vasil Galabov, "UAVs Based Particulate Matter Pollution Monitoring," in Proc. XXVIII International Scientific Conference Electronics – ET2019, Sozopol, Bulgaria, September 12–14, 2019. [14] F. Gozzi, G. Della Ventura and A. Marcelli, "Mobile monitoring of particulate matter: State of art and perspectives," Atmospheric Pollution Research, vol. 7, p. 228–234, 2016. [15] Espressif Systems, "ESP32-WROOM-32D & ESP32-WROOM-32U Datasheet v2.1," 2021 . [16] Alphasense Ltd., "Alphasense User Manual OPC-N3 Optical Particle Counter," April 2015. [17] L. Cummings, J. Stewart, R. Reist, K. Shakya and P. Kremer, "Mobile Monitoring of Air Pollution Reveals Spatial and Temporal Variation in an Urban Landscape," Frontiers in Built Environment, vol. 7, no. 68, 2021. [18] T. Wriedt, W. Hergert, The Mie Theory: Basics and Applications, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. [19] QGIS Project, "OGIS A Free and Open Source Georgraphic Information System," [Online]. Available: [Accessed 05 April 2021]. [20] B. Bechtold, "Violin Plots for Matlab," DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4559847, 2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 09 March 2021].


12th National Conference with International Participation, ELECTRONICA 2021, 2021, Bulgaria, DOI 10.1109/ELECTRONICA52725.2021.9513728

Цитирания (Citation/s):
1. Nedyalkov, I., & Georgiev, G. 2023. Network Modeling—A convenient way to study IP networks doi:10.1007/978-981-19-1607-6_18 - 2023 - в издания, индексирани в Scopus или Web of Science

Вид: пленарен доклад в национален форум с межд. уч., публикация в реферирано издание, индексирана в Scopus